by Dr. Stephen Lee

Migraine

The main cause of migraines is abnormal blood vessel contraction and expansion caused by brain pressure, while normal contraction and expansion of blood vessels is basically related to the autonomic nervous system. Migraine is not a problem in itself but signals and highlights functional brain disorders, including: lack of sleep, weather changes, the hormonal changes of menstruation, emotional status (nervous impulses or emotions) or irritating diet.

More than two thirds of patients are women between 20 to 40 years old who are busy with work, family stress.  Menstrual irregularity can also coincide with migraine. During migraine, patient will feel severe pain.  Severe migraines will be accompanied by nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound. Mild activity also intensifies headache with the degree of pain and personal physical and emotional reactions varying per person.

Type of Migraine Patient

Superciliary bone: supraorbital margin pain

This is the upper edge of the eye socket and can spread to the forehead.

Pressure headache 

Feel the weight of the upper pressure sense or feel pain like a bomb burst in the brain.

Menstrual headache

Headache that occurs with and round the menstrual cycle. It can occur on one or both sides of the head and is a severe headache.  Duration varies and there may be vomiting, loss of appetite and whole body weakness.

Pregnancy headache

Headaches are common during pregnancy. They can be due to a variety of changing hormonal levels in pregnant women and also with changing blood volume and blood flow acceleration.

Suggestions

For migraine the following provides some precautions and mitigation methods.

Acupoint massage: each point can be pressed 2-3 minutes, for four cycles

YINTANG point: On the forehead of the middle of the two eyebrows, press with your thumb or index finger.  Reduces the overall headache.

yintang-point

TAIYANG points: In the region of the temples, in the depression about one finger-breadth posterior to the midpoint between the lateral end of the eyebrow and the outer canthus.  Press with your thumb or index finger.

taiyang-points

Baihui point: On the head about 5 cm behind the center of the hairline – or at the midpoint of the line connecting the apices of the two ears.  Use your middle and index fingers to gently press – there might be a little pain.

baihui-point

Fengchi point: Right at the base of the skill, at the top of the back of your head, in the soft depression just to the sides of the thick tendons of your trapezius muscles.  Use your thumbs to locate the point and use a deep, firm pressure towards the skull to massage and stimulate the area for 4 to 5 seconds.

fengchi-point

DASCH diet (a dietary approach to stop chronic headache

Pain-safe foods virtually never contribute to headaches or other painful conditions. These include:

  • Rice, especially brown rice
  • Cooked green vegetables, such as broccoli, spinach, Swiss chard, or collards
  • Cooked orange vegetables, such as carrots or sweet potatoes
  • Cooked yellow vegetables, such as summer squash
  • Cooked or dried non-citrus fruits: cherries, cranberries, pears, prunes (but not citrus fruits, apples, bananas, peaches, tomatoes)
  • Water: Plain water or carbonated forms, such as Perrier, are fine. Other beverages—even herbal teas—can be triggers.
  • Condiments: Modest amounts of salt, maple syrup, and vanilla extract are usually well-tolerated.

Lifestyle suggestions

  • Avoid air and noise pollution.
  • Less exposure to strong sunlight or watching TV for too long.
  • The law of life – adequate sleep, relaxation, do not overwork.
  • Reduce alcohol consumption.
  • Take care when taking birth control pills.

Foods Triggers to Avoid:

  • Drinking, especially red wines.
  • Pickled products – sausage, bacon, hot dogs, pickled fish.
  • Candy with chocolate.
  • Cheese and cheese products.
  • Citrus fruits – lemon, grapefruit, dates.
  • Cold food or drink.
  • Drugs – contraceptives, vasodilators.

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